Innovation ecosystems are intrinsically intertwined and complex and this complexity is additional aggravated as the entire Indian healthcare ecosystem is muddled in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The influence of COVID-19 on the healthcare innovation ecosystem (HIE) has been so radical that the connection between the stakeholders or the stakeholders themselves have modified drastically. In such a state of affairs, the healthcare innovation ecosystem mapping train may help policymakers outline new roles and conjunctions between numerous stakeholders.
An HIE map can present solutions to questions like, “The place precisely is the innovation occurring? Which stakeholders are enabling/influencing it? What are the gaps within the innovation ecosystem? What will we do to plug these gaps with accuracy and swiftness?” Additional, the mapping may also assist reveal at the moment’s key innovation areas and prime disruptors and assist in charting out the longer term path of healthcare innovation. The ecosystems improvement staff (EDT) at Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Ayog, has been tasked with a mission to map the Indian healthcare innovation ecosystem post-pandemic.
Method to ecosystem mapping
The Indian HIE has been someplace lagging in delivering its true worth to the top customers. And, one of many driving elements behind such inconsistencies has been the dearth of clearly outlined correlations between the roles & tasks of various stakeholders inside the HIE. This has each social & financial implications for the sufferers. The next three-step method could also be adopted to construct up an efficient & informative ecosystem map:-
Creating the stakeholder’s matrix – it’s important to outline & classify stakeholders inside the HIE as major, secondary, or tertiary, and this may be finished by score them on three dimensions – legality, energy, and urgency. Additional, the matrix ought to comprise data on the position of each stakeholder (enablers or influencers), their particular capabilities, and the variety of them that exists.
Creating the “as-is” ecosystem map – It’s important to construct round “what’s the present state?” The concept behind the as-is map is to make use of a 2*2 matrix with the intention to map the corelation between the stakeholders based mostly upon insurance policies, schemes, current start-ups, improvements, innovation packages, and so forth. Submit-this, a root trigger evaluation could be finished utilizing a Fishbone diagram to establish each gaps and interventions.
Creating the “down-the-line” ecosystem map – “What it may be 5 years down the road? This relies largely on the required interventions being made on the proper time limit to plug the chunks within the armour. A Down-the-line map may help in visualizing and predicting the Indian HIE 5 years down the road and may act as a utopia, which the Indian HIE ought to aspire to realize.
Is HIE-mapping an answer to all our healthcare issues?
Envisioning, enabling, and enriching a vibrant healthcare innovation ecosystem needs to be the best way ahead in a growing nation like India. The duty isn’t easy and would demand coordinated efforts from all of the stakeholders, each state and non-state. Nonetheless, HIE mapping is a step in the proper path. An efficient ecosystem map may help in:
1. Deciphering the lacking correlations inside the HIE.
2. Strategizing earlier than prioritizing – figuring out strategic funding alternatives that ship state-of-heart inexpensive & accessible healthcare providers no matter the fee concerned, as towards prioritizing alternatives based mostly on another variables.
3. Constructing a market – for the tiniest innovation, emanating from the remotest a part of the nation. Improvements construct competitors and that’s solely optimum in the direction of the top purpose of constructing state-of-art healthcare accessible & inexpensive for all Indians.
4. Figuring out avenues of strategic partnerships and collaborations – with the non-public sector and different events, each home & overseas.
It’s completely crucial for the coverage makers to outline short-term targets, work in sprints, arrange a compliance regulatory mechanism, and guarantee accountability. Being pro-active quite than being reactive would assist. It’s each Indian’s prerogative to have a healthcare supply system that’s outfitted to deal with the burden of the subsequent pandemic and never being the one which shall crumble beneath the burden of the identical pandemic. Now could be the proper time to begin blowing the winds of change.
Anurag Wasnik & Rohan Kar, Innovation Lead, Atal Innovation Mission (AIM), NITI Ayog
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